Lascension de Cromwell (French Edition)
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Today it is possible to assess him without the taint of partisanship, and he is seen as more of a lovable rogue—in the words of his contemporary John Evelyn , "a prince of many virtues and many great imperfections, debonair, easy of access, not bloody or cruel". Restless he rolls from whore to whore A merry monarch, scandalous and poor.
Professor Ronald Hutton summarises the polarised historiography:. For the past hundred years, books on Charles II have been sharply divided into two categories. Academic historians have concentrated mainly on his activities as a statesman and emphasised his duplicity, self-indulgence, poor judgement and lack of an aptitude for business or for stable and trustworthy government. Non-academic authors have concentrated mainly on his social and cultural world, emphasising his charm, affability, worldliness, tolerance, turning him into one of the most popular of all English monarchs in novels, plays and films.
Hutton says Charles was a popular king in his own day and a "legendary figure" in British history.
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Other kings had inspired more respect, but perhaps only Henry VIII had endeared himself to the popular imagination as much as this one. He was the playboy monarch, naughty but nice, the hero of all who prized urbanity, tolerance, good humour, and the pursuit of pleasure above the more earnest, sober, or material virtues.
Charles was universally beloved, beloved not only by the crowd of individuals with whom he came in contact, not only adored by his dependents, but thoroughly popular with the mass of his subjects and particularly with the poorer populace of London who knew him best. Charles, a patron of the arts and sciences, founded the Royal Observatory and supported the Royal Society , a scientific group whose early members included Robert Hooke , Robert Boyle and Sir Isaac Newton.
He was the personal patron of Sir Christopher Wren , the architect who helped rebuild London after the Great Fire and who constructed the Royal Hospital Chelsea , which Charles founded as a home for retired soldiers in As a patron of education, he founded a number of schools, including the Royal Mathematical School in London and The King's Hospital in Dublin, as well as the Erasmus Smith schools in various parts of Ireland. The anniversary of the Restoration which was also Charles's birthday —29 May—was recognised in England until the mid-nineteenth century as Oak Apple Day , after the Royal Oak in which Charles hid during his escape from the forces of Oliver Cromwell.
Traditional celebrations involved the wearing of oak leaves but these have now died out.
Charles's coat of arms as Prince of Wales was the royal arms which he later inherited , differenced by a label of three points Argent. By Mary 'Moll' Davis , courtesan and actress of repute .
June 1536, 6-10
Letters claiming that Marguerite or Margaret de Carteret bore Charles a son named James de la Cloche in are dismissed by historians as forgeries. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Charles in Garter robes by John Michael Wright or studio, c. Westminster Abbey , London. Catherine of Braganza m. Further information: Restoration Ancestors of Charles II of England 8. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley  4. Mary, Queen of Scots  2. Charles I of England Frederick II of Denmark  5.
Anne of Denmark Sophia of Mecklenburg  1. Charles II of England Henry IV of France Joan III of Navarre  3. Henrietta Maria of France Marie de' Medici Joanna of Austria . The English Parliament recognised Charles as king by unanimous vote on 2 May , and he was proclaimed king in London on 8 May, although royalists had recognised him as such since the execution of his father on 30 January During Charles's reign all legal documents were dated as if his reign began at his father's death.
Army of Charles II. Routledge, p. English Interregnum.
Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. Henrietta Maria of France. Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley . Mary, Queen of Scots . Charles I of England. Frederick II of Denmark .
The Rule of History
Anne of Denmark. Sophia of Mecklenburg . Charles II of England. Henry IV of France. Joan III of Navarre . Marie de' Medici.
King of Scotland — Vacant Military government. King of England and Ireland — Vacant Title last held by Charles. Duke of Cornwall Duke of Rothesay — Vacant Title next held by James Francis Edward.
Prince of Wales — Monarchs of England until Monarchs of Scotland until Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics. Calais, 8 June. Statute Roll. Begun at Westminster 8 June 28 Hen. The attainder of Thos. Fitzgerald and his five uncles [c. Assurance of the manor of Southwark to the King [c. Exchange between the King and the prior of St. Johns [c. Lands belonging to the earldom of Warwick [c. Pension to Robert Shurborn late bp. Attainder of lord Thomas Howard [c. Assurance of lands to viscount Beauchamp [c.
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Assurance of lands in Kew to viscount Beauchamp and lady Anne his wife [c. Church of Elsingspittle to be the parish church of St. Alphes, Cripplegate [c. Moiety of Ricard's Castle assured to John Onley [c. Exchange with the abbot of Westminster for Covent Garden [c. Purchase of Stanton Barry from Thomas Pope [c. Enlargement of St. Margaret's churchyard, Southwark [c.
Charles I of England
Lands at Westminster conveyed to the King by the churchwardens of St. Martin's and St. Margaret's [c. Durham Place conveyed to the King by exchange [c. Baynard's Castle assured to the duke of Richmond [c. Exchange with lord Sandes [c. Jointure of Dorothy, daughter to the earl of Huntingdon, to be married to Ric.
Devereux, son of lord Ferrers [c. Earldom of March [c. Lands assured to Edw. North [c. Manor of Birmingham assured to the King [c. Exchange with the abbot of Abingdon [c. Lands assured to Thos. Jermyn [c. Manor of Haselyngfeld assured to the Charter House [c. The Queen's jointure [c. Hatclyff, clerk of the Green Cloth [c. Lands assured to John Gostwyke [c. Concerning a marriage to be had between lord Bulbeke, son and heir apparent to the earl of Oxford, and Dorothy, eldest daughter of the earl of Westmoreland [c. Exchange of Covent Garden with the abbot and convent of Westmoreland [c.
Jointure of Katharine duchess of Suffolk [c. Lands of lord Rochford, Norris, and others [c.
Charles II of England - Wikipedia
Benefit of clergy restricted [c. Against servants embezzling [c. Power to allot townships in Wales [c.